Want to know how to learn how to crochet? Just follow this guide for beginners to learn the basics and start creating amazing handmade items today! This fun hobby allows you to create so many wonderful and functional items with just yarn and a hook. It’s portable, you can do it almost anywhere and it’s a great way to relieve stress and unwind. Join me as we cover the basics and get you started on your first crochet project.
If you’re an absolute beginner eager to dive into the world of crochet, you’ve come to the right place. In this guide for beginners on how to learn how to crochet, I’ll take you through the fundamentals of crochet step by step. This will give you the solid foundation you need to start off your crochet journey.
What is crochet?
Crochet is a wonderful craft where you can express your creativity with yarn and a hook. By looping yarn around a hook in different ways you can make beautiful stitches that are various shapes and sizes. Some are stitches are small and smooth, others are thick giving texture and dimension to your handmade items. You can crochet something for every room of a house or make things you can wear.
So if you are looking for a new hobby or an experienced crocheter wanting to learn a new technique, I’m so glad you are here. This yarn craft is an easy way to make handmade items for yourself or as gifts for others. The best things to make tend to be blankets and patterns are available for free for any skill level. Just learn some basic techniques and the basics of crochet. If you are a complete beginner then give it a try, you will be hooked!
What do you need to crochet?
You only need a little bit to get started, just some yarn and a crochet hook. A good starting point is to head to your local craft store and buy a skein of yarn and a crochet hook. Crochet hook sizes are listed on the yarn label. Buy the hook that is listed on the label. The best yarn for a beginner is an acrylic 4 ply worsted weight yarn. It will have the number 4 on the yarn label along with what size crochet hook to use.
Acrylic yarn is inexpensive, it’s also easier to begin with than a cotton yarn. Cotton yarn doesn’t have a lot of give, it’s a tight fiber. Acrylic is much more loose and therefore easier to work with. Don’t waste your hard earned cash on expensive yarn until you get have the basics of crochet in your skill set. Crochet yarn can add up fast depending on the brand of yarn, the yarn fiber and how much you need for your project. The best yarn to practice crochet basics on as a beginner is acrylic worsted weight yarn 4.
Learn The Basics (How to Learn How to Crochet)
Here are the basics you should know about so you can learn how to crochet. Become acquainted with the items below before you try crocheting your first project.
1. How to Read Yarn Label
To read a yarn label for beginners, look for the following key information:
- Yarn Weight Category (e.g., worsted, bulky)
- Fiber Content (e.g., cotton, acrylic)
- Recommended Crochet Hook Size
- Gauge (number of stitches and rows per inch)
- Yardage or Meterage
- Care Instructions (washing and drying)
- Dye Lot (for color consistency)
- Color Name or Number
- Brand Name
2. Gather Supplies
Before you begin, make sure you have the necessary crochet supplies.
- A crochet hook (Size H/8 or G/6 is great for beginners).
- Yarn (Choose a medium-weight yarn in a light, solid color for better visibility).
- Scissors for cutting yarn.
- A yarn needle for weaving in ends.
- Optional: Stitch markers can be helpful as you progress.
3. Learn Basic Crochet Terminology
Understanding crochet terminology is essential. Learn the following terms:
- Slip knot: The first knot you create to secure the yarn to the hook.
- Chain (ch): The foundation of most crochet projects.
- Single crochet (sc): A basic stitch that creates a dense fabric.
- Double crochet (dc): A taller stitch used in many patterns.
- Turning chain: The chain used to get your hook to the correct height for the next row.
- Foundation chain: First row of your project, the chain you build upon to make any crochet project.
4. Follow Video Tutorials
Online video tutorials are a fantastic resource for visual learners. Websites like YouTube have countless crochet tutorials that walk you through each step. Search for “beginner crochet tutorials” to find relevant videos. Here are some of my favorite YouTube channels with stitch tutorials and tons of other stuff: Hooked by Robin, HopefulHoney, Bella Coco, Melanie Ham, and HappyBerry Crochet.
5. Start with the Basic Stitches:
Begin with the most fundamental crochet stitches: chain and single crochet stitches (SC).
- Chain Stitch (CH): Practice making even chains. This is the foundation for your crochet work. A foundation chain is just a series of chain stitches to start off your project.
- Single Crochet (SC): Learn to single crochet in rows. Create a foundation chain and practice single crocheting in each chain and turning at the end of the row.
6. Read Crochet Patterns:
Understanding crochet patterns is essential for advancing in your crochet journey. Start with simple patterns, like scarves or dishcloths, designed for beginners. Pay close attention to the pattern’s abbreviation key, which explains what each abbreviation means. Check out my blog post, The Top 40 Free Crochet Pattern Websites and Blogs with 40 sites offering free crochet patterns. There is something for everyone on one of those sites. There literally is a free pattern for anything you could ever want to crochet on that list.
7. Practice and Patience:
Crocheting takes time to master. Practice is key to improving your skills. Start with small, manageable projects to build your confidence and gradually tackle more complex patterns.
8. Troubleshoot and Learn from Mistakes:
Don’t be discouraged by mistakes; they’re part of the learning process. When you encounter issues, consult tutorials, forums, or experienced crocheters for guidance. You’ll often find solutions to common problems.
10. Join Crochet Communities:
Joining online crochet communities or local crochet clubs can provide support, inspiration, and a sense of belonging. Sharing your progress and asking for advice can be incredibly beneficial. Facebook groups are a lot of fun to join, you can share your work and see others. You can also ask questions and get a lot of advice, suggestion and free patterns. Here are some Facebook crochet group you can check out: All Free Crochet Community, Craft Habit Social, All Things Crochet, Cre8tion Crocheters Unite, and CoCo Crochet Lee Community.
11. Keep Learning:
Crochet is a craft that offers endless opportunities for learning and growth. As you become more comfortable with the basics, explore advanced stitches, techniques, and project types.
How to Hold Crochet Hook (How to Learn How to Crochet)
Holding a crochet hook is an essential part of learning how to crochet. The way you hold the hook can affect your comfort, tension, and the ease with which you create stitches. There are two common ways to hold a crochet hook: the pencil grip and the knife grip. You can choose the one that feels most comfortable to you.
- Hold the crochet hook like you would hold a pencil. This grip is comfortable for many people who are used to writing or drawing with a pencil.
- Place your thumb on top of the flat part of the hook handle (the thumb rest) to provide stability.
- Allow your index finger to rest along the front of the hook, gently guiding it.
- Wrap your middle finger and ring finger around the hook handle, securing it in place.
- This grip allows for precise control over your hook and works well for crocheters who prefer a more delicate touch.
- Hold the crochet hook like you would hold a knife when cutting food. This grip provides a different angle for hooking the yarn and can work well for those who find the pencil grip uncomfortable.
- Rest the flat part of the hook handle (the thumb rest) against the side of your palm.
- Your index finger should extend along the top of the hook, gently guiding it.
- Place your thumb against the front of the hook handle to help maintain control.
- The knife grip may provide more leverage and is favored by some crocheters for its stability and ease of movement.
Regardless of the grip you choose, it’s important to find a comfortable and relaxed position for your hand. Tension control is key to creating consistent and uniform stitches. Your grip should be firm enough to control the hook but not so tight that it strains your hand. As you begin to crochet, practice with both grips to see which one feels more natural and comfortable for you. With time and practice, you’ll develop a preferred grip that suits your style and allows you to crochet with ease and enjoyment.
How to Properly Crochet: Step-by-Step Guide
To properly crochet, follow these steps to create a basic crochet stitch, the single crochet (SC). It’s one of the fundamental stitches in crochet and a great place to start:
- Yarn (medium-weight is recommended for beginners)
- Crochet hook (size H/8 or G/6 is suitable for beginners)
- Yarn needle (for weaving in ends)
Make Slip Knot
- Start by making a slip knot. To do this, create a loop with the yarn, pass the working end through the loop, and gently tighten it around your crochet hook.
Holding the Hook
2. Hold the crochet hook in your dominant hand, either like a pencil or a knife, depending on what feels more comfortable. The important thing is to have a firm but relaxed grip.
Yarn Over (YO)
3. With the hook in your hand, hold the yarn in your non-dominant hand. Position the yarn so that it comes from the skein over your index finger. To yarn over, bring the hook under the yarn from back to front, then through the hole to form a chain.
Insert the Hook
4. Insert the hook under both strands of the V-shaped loop (the stitch) in the previous row or in the foundation chain (if you’re starting a new project). When you add stitches to a foundation chain, you will insert hook through one loop only. Once you have this row completed, the next row with have V-shaped loops to stitch into.
Yarn Over and Pull Up a Loop
5. With the hook inserted into the stitch, yarn over again by bringing the hook over the top of the yarn. Then, pull that yarn through the stitch, so you have two loops on your hook.
Yarn Over and Pull Through Both Loops
6. Yarn over once more and pull it through both loops on your hook. You should now have only one loop left on the hook.
Complete the Single Crochet (SC)
7. You’ve just made a single crochet stitch. To continue, repeat steps 3 to 6 in the next stitch or the next stitch space in your project.
Turning Your Work
8. After reaching the end of a row, chain one and turn your work (this is called the turning chain). This allows you to work back in the opposite direction.
9. To create more rows, insert your hook into the first stitch (usually the second chain from your hook if you’re starting a new row) and repeat steps 3 to 6. This will create additional rows of single crochet stitches.
10. When you’re ready to finish your project, cut the yarn, leaving a 4-6 inch tail. Yarn over once more and pull the yarn through the last loop on your hook to secure it. Use a yarn needle to weave in the loose ends to hide them.
More Ways To Teach Yourself How to Crochet
Learning how to crochet can be an enjoyable and rewarding experience, and there are various ways you can approach it to suit your learning style and preferences. Here are different methods you can use to learn how to crochet:
Online Tutorials and Videos:
- Websites like YouTube have an abundance of crochet tutorials for all skill levels. Many experienced crocheters share step-by-step video guides that visually demonstrate each technique.
- You can find videos for learning the basics, as well as more advanced stitches and techniques.
Crochet Books and Guides:
- Invest in beginner-friendly crochet books or guides that provide written instructions, illustrations, and patterns. Look for books with clear explanations and plenty of visuals to guide you.
Online Crochet Courses:
- Enroll in online crochet courses or classes. Many platforms offer structured courses taught by experienced instructors. These courses often include video lessons, written materials, and the opportunity to ask questions.
Workshops and Classes:
- Check your local community centers, craft stores, or yarn shops for in-person crochet workshops or classes. These hands-on sessions allow you to learn from an instructor and receive real-time feedback.
- Purchase crochet kits designed for beginners. These kits typically include all the materials you need (yarn, hook, instructions) to complete a specific project along with step-by-step guidance.
- If you know someone who crochets, ask if they can provide you with personal instruction. Learning from a friend or family member can be a fun and bonding experience.
Online Blogs and Written Tutorials:
- Explore crochet blogs and websites that offer written tutorials, patterns, and tips. These resources can be especially helpful when you want to read detailed instructions.
Practice and Experimentation:
- Sometimes the best way to learn is by experimenting on your own. Start with basic stitches and practice making swatches. As you become more comfortable, try out different stitches and create your own projects.
Workshops and Retreats:
- Look for crochet workshops or retreats in your area or at specific crochet events. These
- Subscribe to crochet magazines that feature patterns and tutorials. They often provide step-by-step instructions for various projects.
Choose the method or combination of methods that align with your learning preferences and goals. Crochet is a versatile and accessible craft, so you can customize your learning journey to suit your needs and interests. With practice and patience, you’ll be creating beautiful crocheted items in no time!
What to Crochet For Your First Crochet Project
When you’re just starting to learn how to crochet, it’s a good idea to begin with simple projects that allow you to practice basic stitches and build your confidence. Here are some crochet projects along with free beginner crochet patterns:
Pillows: Crocheting a pillow is an excellent first project. It’s small, quick to complete, and provides practice for the basic stitches, such as single crochet and chain stitches. Plus, you’ll end up with a functional item for your home. Check out these posts for tutorials and free patterns:
- Modern Crochet Pillow Cover Pattern (Free and Easy
- How to Make Crochet Pillow Cover – Lumbar Crochet Pillow
- Americana Pillow – Easy Crochet Pillow Free Pattern
- How to Make Candy Cane Pillow – Crochet Pillow Patterns
Classic Granny Square: This classic and versatile crochet pattern can form the basis of many crochet project. Check out my tutorial with free pattern, How to Crochet an Easy Granny Square for Beginners.
Rug: This easy rectangle rug uses all single crochet stitches, very beginner friendly. Check out my tutorial with free pattern, Crochet Rectangle Rug Pattern (Free) – Vintage Vibes.
Baby Blankets: Baby blankets are smaller than full-sized blankets, making them a manageable project for beginners. You can create a beautiful and heartfelt gift for a friend or family member’s baby. Here are easy to more advanced blanket patterns:
- How to Make Crochet Baby Blanket – Staggered Stitch Blanket
- How to Make Baby Blanket – Baby Blanket Striped Crochet Pattern
- Chunky Baby Blanket Crochet Pattern (Bobble Blanket)
Cell Phone Purse: This crossbody cell phone holder is made using basic crochet stitches. Add embellishments for more advanced patterns. Check out my tutorial with free patterns, Easy Crochet Purse (Cell Phone Bag Free Pattern).
Big Bobble Afghan: This trendy and eye-catching afghan is not only fun to make, it also adds a touch of modern flair to any space. Best of all, I’m sharing the pattern with you for free! This is a free crochet afghan pattern one-piece beautiful crochet pattern. Works up fast and makes a perfect gift. Finished blanket size measures 53″ x 63″. Check out, Free One Piece Crochet Afghan – Big Bobble Blanket.
Granny Squares: Granny squares are versatile and can be combined to make various items like blankets, cushions, or even bags. They involve repeating basic stitches in a circular pattern, making them an excellent introduction to more complex crochet patterns. Here’s an advanced granny square pattern and tutorial, Granny Square Blanket Using Join-As-You-Go Method.
Remember to choose patterns that are labeled as “beginner” or “easy” and read through the instructions carefully. Take your time, practice your tension, and don’t be discouraged by any mistakes. Crocheting is a skill that improves with practice, so enjoy the process and have fun creating your first crochet projects!
SEW NIKKI FREE CROCHET PATTERNS & TUTORIALS
Why Should I Learn How To Crochet?
Crochet is not just a craft; it’s a therapeutic, creative, and rewarding hobby that offers numerous benefits.
Sense of Accomplishment: Completing a crochet project is immensely satisfying. Watching a ball of yarn transform into a beautiful scarf, blanket, or stuffed animal gives a sense of achievement that boosts self-esteem.
Practical and Functional: Crocheted items are not just beautiful; they’re also practical. You can make clothing to keep warm, blankets to cuddle up with, and household items like dishcloths and potholders. It’s a craft that combines aesthetics with functionality.
Stress Reduction: The repetitive motions of crochet can be incredibly calming and therapeutic. Many crocheters find that it helps reduce stress, anxiety, and promotes relaxation.
Portable and Convenient: Crocheting requires minimal equipment, making it a portable craft. You can take your project with you wherever you go, whether it’s during your commute, on vacation, or just relaxing at home.
Community and Connection: Crochet has a thriving online and offline community. Joining crochet clubs, forums, or social media groups can connect you with like-minded crafters, offering inspiration, support, and opportunities for learning.
Handmade Gifts: Crocheted items make thoughtful and cherished gifts. Handmade presents carry sentimental value, and your loved ones will appreciate the time and effort you put into creating something special just for them.
About Sew Nikki
If this is your first time stopping by, welcome! My name is Nikki. I’m a crochet pattern designer and weekend quilter with a super small sewing space. I taught myself how to sew and quilt by watching YouTube videos! My blog has How-To’s, Free Patterns and Pattern Reviews. Read more about me here.
Remember that learning how to crochet is a journey, and there’s no rush to become an expert overnight. Enjoy the process, and embrace the creativity and relaxation that crocheting can offer. With practice and determination, you’ll develop your skills and create beautiful crocheted items.
Whether you’re absolute beginners or an experienced crocheter, there’s always something new to discover in the world of crochet. So, pick up a hook, choose your favorite yarn, and start creating beautiful and functional pieces that reflect your unique style and personality.
Want to learn how to quilt? Then check out this post, How to Learn How to Quilt: Beginner Quilting Guide.
Sew, quilt, crochet and repeat!